Fixed Deposit (FD) interest rates are between 2.25% and 8.00%. Investing in FDs gives you guaranteed return. These are low-risk investments offered by banks and NBFCs in India. The interest rate on FDs depends on several domestic factors such as liquidity condition in market, macro-economic situation, government policies, etc. You can invest for up to 10 years. You can invest in FD schemes if you are a resident individual, firm, NRI, HUF, or Charitable Trust. All you need to submit is identity proof, address proof, age proof, and signature proof.
In this post we will discuss the highest/lowest FD rates by banks/finance companies, FD interest calculator, factors that affect FD interest rates, senior citizen fixed deposit interest rates, highest FD rates as per tenure, flexi deposits with auto-sweet facility rates, tax saving FD rates, and frequently asked questions.
FDs offer guaranteed returns. The Fixed Deposit rates differ from a bank/financial institution to another. Thus, you must compare the rates before investing in an FD of a particular bank or NBFC. That have highest ratings of AAA, rated by CRISIL and CRA. The rates also differ as per the tenure and age group of customers. Senior Citizen FDs come with a higher rate than that for people below 60 years of age.
FD rate calculator tells you about the returns to expect at the end of tenure depending on the fixed deposit rate. To calculate returns from your Fixed Deposit, use the following formula:
A = P * (1+ r/n) ^ n*t
I = A – P
A = Maturity value
P = Principal amount
r = rate of interest
t = Number of years
n = Compounded interest frequency
I = Interest earned amount
FDs give assured returns. These are safe investments with no risks. The Fixed Deposit rate by banks and financial institutions depends on amount deposited, type of depositor, tenure of deposit, amount of funding that the bank/NBFC requires from FD. Here are factors that impact the rates on NBFC/bank FDs:
Banks and NBFCs offer better rates for senior citizen FDs. The rates are usually higher by 25 to 75 basis points based on the rate applied for regular FDs by other individuals. To avail the best rates, senior citizens have to submit their age proof (above 60 years). Tenure of the deposit is between 7 days and 10 years. Loan is also available on these FDs. On premature withdrawal, penalties will apply. As per the current information, the highest rate for individuals over 60 years is by:
The best FD rates by bank is for 1 year is by IndusInd Bank and YES bank at 7%. For 5 years and 3 years, Jana Small Finance Bank offers best rate at 7% and 7.50%, respectively. For 2 years, the highest FD rate offered is 7.10% by Equitas Small Finance Bank
For 5 years tenure, Jana Small Finance Bank offers the best rate of 7% followed by 6.75% by Equitas Small Finance Bank, 6.70% by India Post Office, 6.30% by Dena Bank, and 6% by Standard Chartered Bank.
For 3 years tenure, the best FD rate offered us 7.50% by Jana Small Finance Bank, 7.15% by Equitas Small Finance Bank, 7% by YES Bank, 6.05% by Ujjivan Small Finance Bank, and 6% by Standard Chartered Bank.
For 2 years tenure, the best rate offered is 7.10% by Equitas Small Finance Bank, 7% by Jana Small Finance Bank, Yes Bank, and IndusInd Bank, and 6.85% by RBL Bank.
For 1-year tenure, the best FD rate offered is 7% by Yes Bank and IndusInd Bank, 6.90% by Jana Small Finance Bank, 6.85% by RBL Bank, and 6.75% by Dena Bank.
In a Flexi Deposit scheme, as a depositor you can link your FD account to your savings bank account. Then as per your fund requirement, you can transfer in and out the surplus savings to your linked Fixed Deposit account. This facility is called Auto Sweep. You earn a higher interest on surplus amount in your savings bank account. Also, you get the flexibility of taking money out of the account as per need.
Like discussed, in a sweep-in facility you can transfer surplus funds to your fixed deposit account from the savings deposit account. The interest rate offered on this deposited amount is higher than that on a regular savings account. The rates differ from a bank to another. However, the FD interest rates for the same are between 4.15% and 7.10%.
If you invest in a Fixed Deposit scheme, then under the Section 80C of Income Tax Act, you can receive tax deduction of up to Rs. 1,50,000 with 5 years lock-in period. Under Section 194A of the Income Tax Act 1961, TDS of 10% is applicable on the FD earned interest if this amount in a financial year is over Rs. 40,000. To get exemption from paying tax on the interest income, you have to submit Form 15G/15H.
Here is a list of tax saving FDs, with tax saving rate, and minimum deposit:
Here are FAQs on FD Interest Rates:
The highest rate on a regular FD is by DHFL at 8.50% to 9.25% for regular customers and 9.00% to 9.75% for senior citizens.
It is possible to get monthly interest on Fixed Deposit accounts in case you opt for the monthly interest pay-out option. The interest earned is on the deposited principal amount. The same can be calculated yearly, half yearly, quarterly, and monthly.
Changes in macro-economic conditions influence the Fixed Deposit interest rates. This may cause the rates to fluctuate. Some of the factors responsible for FD rate determination are liquidity condition, higher rate of inflation, demand and supply of funds at domestic economy level.
The minimum deposit amount is Rs. 1,000 (in some cases Rs. 100). However, there is no upper limit for the deposit amount.
An FD offers a fixed return on fixed investment amount for a specified tenure. The bank may charge a penalty on premature withdrawal. The penalty is in form of a lower interest rate on the surrender value. You will receive a lesser return on the invested sum. The penalty for breaking an FD is usually between 0.5% and 1%.
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