Recently, Bitcoin Cryptocurrency has been in news for reasons, and many do not fully understand why. Cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin are grabbing the headlines because of its impact on the financial world. So what is Cryptocurrency? It is a digital form of currency and far more efficient in terms of transaction costs, usage etc. It is also decentralized, the reason, why it is being preferred all over the world. A Cryptocurrency is not regulated by central banking system. It uses extremely complex code systems or cryptographic protocols, which encrypt sensitive data transfers and secure the units of exchange.
FAQs on Bitcoin Cryptocurrency
Below are some of the frequently asked questions about Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies.
- When Did Cryptocurrency Come into Being?
The existence of Cryptocurrency dates back to early 1980s. But, the 1st Cryptocurrency, which went open for trading was Bitcoin, dating back to 2009. After Bitcoin, several other Cryptocurrencies were created with new algorithms with shorter or longer block times and other features to suit the future economy, better.
- What Is Bitcoin Cryptocurrency?
Bitcoin is a Cryptocurrency and the first publicly utilized means of exchange to combine user anonymity, decentralized control, record-keeping through a blockchain with built-in scarcity. Outlined first in 2008 white paper, which was published by Satoshi Nakamoto (pseudonymous group or person), Bitcoin was released in early 2009 to public. Shortly, people started exchanging and mining the currency.
In late 2010, many other Cryptocurrencies, such as Litecoin, came into being. The 1st public Bitcoin exchanges too appeared around this time. WordPress became the first major merchant in late 2012, to accept Bitcoin as a payment means.
- What was the Idea behind Creating Cryptocurrency?
The basic idea behind forming of Cryptocurrency was creation of a decentralized market, where banks and government cannot interfere by posing any fees or taxes upon the earnings. Most people today think that Cryptocurrency is evolution of payment methods and money. Bitcoin is a way of making online payment easier by excluding middlemen and additional fees, which are otherwise imposed on other online payments modes such as Credit Cards or Debit Cards etc.
Best Advantages of Cryptocurrency
Below mentioned are some of the advantages of Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies.
- No Monopoly of the Currency
As Cryptocurrencies are reliable means of exchange, specifically outside the direct control of national banks, in long-run, many political scientists and economists expect that governments of almost every country would co-opt Cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin.
- Cost-effective than Traditional Transactions
While transaction fees on credit card payment and others attract 1.5% to 3% of transaction value, Cryptocurrency attracts transaction fees of less than 1% of the transaction value.
- Earn Cryptocurrency without Financial Investments
Some websites and online services make payment in terms of Cryptocurrencies. These can provide you points through which you earn Bitcoin easily, without putting much effort.
- Cheaper International Transactions
When someone uses Cryptocurrency for international transaction, the transaction is treated same as that which is domestic in nature. Transactions attract either a nominal transaction free or come free, depending on where the recipient and sender are located.
- Built-in Scarcity That Protects Currency Value
Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin are mostly hardwired for scarcity. It means the source code indicates the number of units that can ever exist. Unlike fiat currency, which are affected by inflation, Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies; as like precious metals, are inflation protected.
Some of the Disadvantages of Cryptocurrency
Below mentioned are disadvantages of Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies.
- Risk to Loss of Data
As Bitcoin Cryptocurrency is dependent on its data, loss of the same means a direct financial loss. If the data is stolen, the person loses the Cryptocurrency benefits.
- Danger to Illicit Activity
Many gray and black market online transactions could be denominated in Cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin.
- Tax Evasion
As Cryptocurrencies are not regulated by national governments, these naturally attract tax evaders, which could be harmful for a nation’s economy.
- Cryptocurrency Concentration in Some Hands
Many Cryptocurrencies have few outstanding units, which are concentrated with a handful of individuals. Thus, these holders can directly control the supplies of currencies.
- May Not Be Always Exchangeable for Fiat Currency
The Cryptocurrencies with higher market capitalization- may dedicate online exchanges in terms of only fiat currency and not Cryptocurrency.
Scenario of Bitcoin and Other Cryptocurrencies in India
In India, the Ministry of Finance had said that VCs (virtual currencies), are not currencies. These are merely coins without physical attribute and thus, these are neither recognizable currencies nor coins that can be handled in reality. Virtual currencies are not backed by government and not a legal tender. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) does not authorize any VCs as a medium of exchange. Tax evaders concerning with use of Cryptocurrency, will be monitored. Thus, Indians mining Bitcoin and similar Cryptocurrencies need to pay tax on the gains as stated by the law.
How Cryptocurrency works out for a particular individual, is something subjective. One has to take into account practical limitations and understand that usage of Bitcoin, which does not warrant them immunity from legal accountability. There are several apps that allow you to buy and sell Bitcoin in India. One can monitor Bitcoin price easily on the internet and keep tab of Bitcoin price in INR. Thus, it is important to understand the facts about Cryptocurrency before taking a decision about using Bitcoin.